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The Neighborhood Community-training Program for Post-disaster Recovery: Toward Preparing Community-based Recovery Management

Considering immense damage by great earthquake, pre-disaster planning for post-disaster recovery is vital for the disaster-resilient community. From this point of view, authors designed neighborhood community-training program for post-disaster recovery applied of the participation method for community-based development. Their team were involved to develop and manage one program held in Shinkoiwa (Katsushika ward, Tokyo) during November 2004 to April 2005.

 In this paper, backgrounds of target neighborhood community and implemented program were explained. After that, questionnaire survey to participants who contained residents, civil servants and practitioners was analyzed to measure the impact of this program. Finally, a position of the program among disaster reduction policies were discussed.

 In this study, authors examined the neighborhood community training program for post-disaster recovery, based on a questionnaire survey given to the program participants and analysis of the achievement of the program. Authors then discussed the program’s possibility as a pre-disaster planning measure that residents, governments, companies, experts, and NPOs could work on collaboratively on a district scale.

 Through the fourth training session the participants acknowledged that the town recovery was an opportunity to complete future visions that the town already had before a disaster, and that it was too late to discuss the future image of the town after the disaster. So, the training is effective not only at the initial stage of the recovery process, but also for revising the recovery plan several years after it was made and re-activating the activities. Participants were actually motivated by the training. The training should be evaluated as a work experience with great significance. Lastly, for further development of the neighborhood community-training program for post-disaster recovery, researchers proposed a hypothesis that this training is positioned in a fusion region of two existing social learning programs, i.e. the “workshop for participation in town development” and “disaster-prevention training led by local communities.”


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